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Public Domain 

 
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A Work Enters Public Domain:
  • When the copyright expires on a work, has not been renewed and freely available to anyone to use it or,
  • Work is produced by the United States Government for the benefit of its citizens, or
  • When the copyright holder specifically states in writing that the work is available for use in the public domain.

The 1918 version of Gray's Anatomy is in the Public Domain. You can scan all of the images in the book and do whatever you want with the images.

The 2003 version of Gray's Anatomy is NOT in the Public Domain. There are new authors, substantial illustration changes and new text. Most importantly, it has been copyrighted. It is protected at least until 2047 and far beyond that when the automatic copyright renewal extension kicks in.

This Public Domain Chart combines information from Lolly Gasaway, University of North Carolina, and Peter B. Hirtle at Cornell Institute for Digital Collections. Don't assume that a publication is available because it is old. The United States Copyright Office has an online search feature to help you determine if a work is or is not in the Public Domain.

Date of Work
Type of Work
Public Domain Status
Published before 1923
Published with a copyright notice
Public Domain
Published before 1923
Published without a copyright notice
Public Domain
Published Between 1923 and 1963
Published without a copyright notice
Public Domain
Published Between 1923 and 1963
Published with a copyright notice but work was not renewed in the 28th year...
Public Domain
Published Between 1923 and 1963
Published with a copyright notice and was renewed
In 95 years
Published Between 1964 and 1978
Published with a copyright notice and renewed
In 95 years
Published Between 1964 and 1978
Published without a copyright notice
Public Domain

Published Between
1978 and March 1, 1989

Published without a copyright notice or registration
Public Domain
After March 1, 1989
Doesn't require any action.
The work is copyrighted at the moment of creation.
70 years after death of author, if a company commission work the shorter of 95 years of publication or 120 years from creation.

 

 
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